To be more specific, African American grandparents are more likely to provide guidance and discipline to their grandchildren due to their flexible family system in which relatives, nonblood kin are all willing to help each other. The various words for grandparents at times may also be used to refer to any elderly person, especially the terms gramps , granny , grandfather , grandmother , nan , maw-maw , paw-paw and others which families make up themselves. International Philosophical Quarterly. Similarly, paternal grandparents are called Dada and Dadi. This system is used by some genealogical websites such as Geni. Compared with grandparents who do not provide caregiving to their grandchildren, those who take care of their grandchildren with long hours are more likely to have better cognitive functions. Since , approximately one-third of children in the U. In cases where parents are unwilling or unable to provide adequate care for their children e.
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